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iPhone SE vs. iPhone X: Refurbished would not all the time imply cheaper


When the iPhone X first debuted in 2017, it made headlines for several reasons. It was the first iPhone to have Face ID, the first to have an OLED display and the first to have an onscreen notch
. At the time it was a top-of-the-class device. Now, three years later, it’s just as reliable. Though Apple discontinued the iPhone X a mere 10 months after its launch, the company sells refurbished models at a heavy discount: $599 or £599 for a model with 64GB and $699 or £699 for 256GB. (Apple doesn’t sell or ship refurbished iPhones to Australia, but that converts to about AU$940 and AU$1,100.) 

While this may be a tempting option for those looking for a cheaper iPhone, Apple also introduced a new iPhone SE this year for $399 (£419, AU$749). In specs and looks the iPhone SE is similar to the iPhone 8, which also came out in 2017, but it has plenty of new advantages of its own that make it a better buy than a refurbished iPhone X from Apple.

Angela Lang/CNET

Though it doesn’t have a second telephoto lens and its screen isn’t as brilliant as the iPhone X’s, the smaller iPhone SE still has a few upgrades that make it the better value buy than a discounted iPhone X. That includes an A13 Bionic processor, dual-SIM capabilities and a handful of camera upgrades. (Neither phone has a headphone jack.) If you’re looking for an affordable, brand-new iPhone with up-to-date support, the iPhone SE should be your go-to.

Read our Apple iPhone SE (2020) review.

Sarah Tew/CNET

If you own a working iPhone X, there’s no reason to buy the iPhone SE. But if you’re tempted to buy a refurbished iPhone X from Apple at the discounted price, I don’t recommend it unless you just really want that second telephoto camera for some reason. For one thing, it’s likely that software updates from Apple may not be as robust on a 3-year-old device as on a new one. Secondly, if you do want all the aforementioned iPhone SE upgrades or a bigger screen, it’s better to get a new iPhone 11, which costs the same as a refurbished iPhone X.

Read our Apple iPhone X review.

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For more details, read on for a deep dive into how the two iPhones stack up.

Design: iPhone X’s bigger, sharper display

Despite being three years older, the iPhone X still looks modern and its stainless-steel design comes off as more premium than the iPhone SE’s aluminum body. Besides its obvious screen notch, the iPhone X is also bigger, and has a sharper display with a higher resolution and pixel density. It has an OLED screen, too, as opposed to the iPhone SE’s LCD display. In general, OLED screens are regarded to have better image quality and color contrast, but they also cost more and may suffer burn-in. The iPhone X’s screen is notably brighter, especially at different viewing angles, and it’s a tad more vibrant. I’ve been using an iPhone X for the past three years and haven’t noticed any burn-in issues.

The notch on the iPhone X.

Josh Miller/CNET

The iPhone SE is Apple’s only new iPhone that has a physical home button. Some people may prefer that because it’s intuitive to use and you don’t have to use swipe gestures to return to the home screen or call up recent apps like you would on the iPhone X. The home button also houses a fingerprint reader for unlocking the phone and authorizing digital payments via Touch ID. For biometric security, the iPhone X uses Face ID, or facial mapping sensors on the front-facing camera.

The iPhone X also has 3D Touch, an older feature that debuted in 2015 on the iPhone 6S. It allows access to additional menu options and commands whenever you hard-press your finger against the screen. Apple began to phase out the feature in 2018 with the iPhone XR, and it’s now absent from new iPhones. Instead, the company replaced 3D Touch with Haptic Touch. Haptic Touch is on the iPhone SE and does pretty much the same thing, except instead of having to press down harder on the screen, you long-press on the item.

Both devices are rated IP67 for water protection. Both come in black and white but the iPhone SE has a third, red variant.

Don’t dismiss the iPhone SE’s single rear camera

Since the iPhone X has a telephoto camera and the SE doesn’t, it may appear that the X has the upper hand when taking photos. After all, the iPhone X can capture beautiful portrait shots with a blurred bokeh background, and it can pull off 2x telephoto zoom without loss of detail. It’s also got digital zoom, which goes up to 10x for photos and 6x for video, zooming in closer than the iPhone SE (which has 5x digital zoom for photos and 3x for video). Lastly, its face-mapping selfie camera lets you use the fun Animoji and Memoji features.

But the iPhone SE can still capture great portrait photos using its software, and it has one major advantage that the iPhone X doesn’t: the A13 Bionic processor. Thanks to this newer chip, the iPhone SE can capture brilliant photos with its 12-megapixel rear camera, which is comparable to the iPhone 11’s camera. This chipset also allows Apple to add camera upgrades under the hood that improve both photo and video quality. These include:

Depth Control for taking portrait photos and adjusting the bokeh effectSmart HDR to improve highlights and shadowsRed-eye correctionQuickTake, which lets you quickly record video without tapping out of Photo modeVideo improvements: Extended dynamic range for 30 frames per second, cinematic video stabilization up to 4K (the iPhone X has up to 1080p) and stereo recordingFront-facing camera: Depth control for Portrait mode, cinematic video stabilization up to 1080p (the iPhone X has none) and one additional Portrait Lighting effect (high-key mono)

In general, unless you need a telephoto zoom or a more powerful digital zoom, the iPhone SE should satisfy most of your photographic needs despite having only one rear camera. For more on its camera quality, be sure to read CNET’s iPhone SE review.

Processor, battery, dual SIM and memory

The iPhone SE is equipped with Apple’s latest proprietary A13 Bionic chip. The iPhone SE clocked in similar results to the iPhone 11 on the benchmark tests 3DMark and Geekbench 5, which is to say that it also performed comparably to — and at times better than — other top-tier phones such as the Galaxy S20, Pixel 4 and OnePlus 8 Pro. And the iPhone SE’s result for 3DMark’s Ice Storm Unlimited test was way higher (at 97,415 compared with 62,206) than the iPhone 8, which has the same A11 processor as the iPhone X.

Apple’s A13 processor.

Screenshot by Stephen Shankland/CNET

Apple never discloses its iPhones’ battery capacities. The company does list the same 13-hour video playback time for both phones, though, and puts the iPhone X’s audio playback at 60 hours compared with the iPhone SE’s 40 hours. However, when we ran our own battery tests of video playback in Airplane mode, the iPhone SE lasted longer than the iPhone X by nearly 4 hours. (To be more specific, the iPhone SE lasted about 15.5 hours, while the iPhone X lasted 11.45 hours.)

The iPhone SE has options for a nano-SIM and an e-SIM too, meaning you can have two numbers on the same phone. Dual-SIM capability is also handy if you travel a lot and need a phone abroad, or you want to consolidate both your personal and business phones. And while both phones are available with either 64GB or 256GB memory, the new iPhone SE has a third, 128GB model. That capacity is commonly seen as the “sweet spot” as far as storage goes. That’s because 64GB may not be enough to hold all your photos and 4K videos, but 256GB may be excessive. 

iPhone SE (2020) vs. iPhone X

Apple iPhone SE (2020)

iPhone X

Display size, resolution

4.7-inch Retina HD LCD; 1,334×750 pixels

5.8-inch Super Retina HD OLED; 2,436×1,125 pixels

Pixel density

326ppi

458ppi

Dimensions (inches)

5.45×2.65×0.29 in

5.7×2.79×0.3 in

Dimensions (millimeters)

138.4×67.3×7.3mm

143.6×70.9×7.7mm

Weight (ounces, grams)

5.22 oz; 148g

6.14 oz; 174 g

Mobile software

iOS 13

iOS 11 (can update to iOS 13)

Camera

12-megapixel

12-megapixel (standard), 12-megapixel (telephoto)

Front-facing camera

7MP

7MP

Video capture

4K

4K

Processor

Apple A13 Bionic

Apple A11 Bionic

Storage

64GB, 128GB, 256GB

64GB, 256GB

RAM

Not disclosed

Not disclosed

Expandable storage

No

No

Battery

Not disclosed

Not disclosed

Fingerprint sensor

Home button

No

Connector

Lightning

Lightning

Headphone jack

No

No

Special features

Water-resistant (IP67); dual-SIM capabilities (nano-SIM and e-SIM); wireless charging

Water-resistant (IP67); wireless charging; Face ID; Animoji

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